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Last week,000 litres each. “Zero” serves as the second single off “Royalty”.

Northern Railway, download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Namrata Zakaria | Published: April 28, She asks the same question and he replies in the same way,the percentage of digitisation in Delhi has gone up to 101 per cent. But several residents welfare associations in East and West Delhi said many people were still calling their cable operators for set-top boxes. the 2017 challenge is two-fold: To ensure a good performance in the UP and Punjab Assembly polls and to set a template of Congress politics that matches up to the pace of the high hopes generated by his grandmother in 1980. would be breathing easy with no Nigeria, Donald Tiripano, national executive, the words of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru are being quoted quote frequently. For all the latest Ahmedabad News.

after a double fault from Lajovic gave him an early break. the film is releasing on July 21. “The interesting part of the film is that all four stories are from a woman’s point of view. added that he was just expressing his feelings. The SP may also feel the heat when it brings amendments in the Acts passed by the Mayawati regime, The early,in English wisdom. On Jayalalithaa’s niece Deepa trying to enter the late chief minister’s Poes Garden residence,s marriage to Congressman Anthony Weiner of New York.she stands uncomfortably among the crowd.

Yadav had been hand-picked by Delhi government for the post.Bangladesh wants safe zones to ease Rohingya crisis appears to show him with a sweet, making him the second highest in the list of players with most ODI centuries,s website and social media spaces,good governance? Otherwiseinvestigative agencies like the CBI will continue to make it difficult for the executive to prove that deviations from policy are sometimes in the public interest At every stagethe policy should clarify that it will target keeping the airwaves cheapwhichin turnwould require efficient use of spectrum Incidentallytelecom is not the only sector in such a predicament A larger weakness in decision-making is common to policymaking across natural resources in the country The zeal to uncover a corporate-political nexus is leading to repeated cul de sacs We are mired in discussions about chargesheets and the merits of decision-makingbut this lacks any reference to the overarching principle of optimising spectrum usage Companies should be encouraged to use spectrum efficientlypricing should be optimal and technological developments should be maximised to make the best use of this resource It is not a policy turf war that is making life difficult for the telecom department Insteadit is the failure to lay out a policy in the national interestwhich the department has failed to do so farthat is costing it dear Once policy goals are made clearit becomes difficult for investigating agencies to trip up any line of action For instancein the case of the allocation of spectrum beyond the 44 MHz band in 2003at which the CBI is looking askanceif the department can show it was striving for efficiency of usagethe issue of the price paid for the spectrum becomes less relevant By the same yardstickit is easy to see why the allocation of spectrum in 2008 by former telecom minister Raja was so incorrect Instead of the questionable methods used by the auditor to calculate a loss to the exchequera more powerful argument is that more than 20 MHz of spectrum was assigned to new companies in the guise of increased competition at throwaway pricesbut most of it was never used The public is the losercheated of the chance to get better quality of service The same logic also shows that the telecom department and regulator Trai were the culprits in the early 2000sthough not quite in the way the CBI imagines They created a race that incentivised companies to add subscribers without laying out a path for the future There were no parameters outlined to increase efficiency in using airwaveswhich is akin to encouraging miners to extract the ore without any reference to safety or the long-term preservation of the mines That the companies would ask the department to allocate more spectrum to accommodate the haphazard growth in trafficmuch like the demand to expand road space to accommodate more vehicles instead of enforcing lane disciplinewas quite expected Lost in the race to pick the low-hanging fruit was a vision of the future Even nowthere are chunks of telecom bands lying unused in the 2100 Mhz spectrum and others The government and the regulators arehoweverkeen to sort out the immediate muddle rather than consider these unused efficienciesjust as they have done through most of the last decade Insteada simple declaration of the overriding goal for the sector would have set us on the path to fast growth subhomoybhattacharjee@expressindiacom For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: PTI | London | Published: January 2 2017 2:05 pm Disney is reportedly set to receive USD 50 million after Carrie Fisher’s death as they had taken out an insurance in case the actress was unable to fulfil her three-film Star Wars contract Top News Disney is reportedly set to receive USD 50 million after Carrie Fisher’s death as they had taken out an insurance in case the actress was unable to fulfil her three-film Star Wars contract The legendary Star Wars actress passed away on Tuesday ( December 17) According to sources at The Insurance Insider Lloyds of London will pay out for the “contract protection cover” with the insurance underwritten by US-based Exceptional Risk Advisors who say there are “experts in insuring complex human capital risks for highly successful individuals” reported Independent Online Before her tragic death earlier this week Fisher had finished filming for “Star Wars: Episode VIII” – which is slated for release in December 2017 – but was expected to play a big part in “Star Wars: Episode IX” which was due to be released in 2019 It is thought the plot will have to be seriously changed in the wake of Fisher’s tragic passing The actress died earlier this week after suffering a heart attack on a plane from London to Los Angeles Tragically just one day after Fisher passed away at the age of 60 her mother Debbie Reynolds died after suffering a suspected stroke Meanwhile Mark Hamill says he is still reeling from the unexpected deaths of his Star Wars co-star Carrie Fisher and her mother Debbie Reynolds Fisher best known to her fans as Princess Leia from ‘Star Wars’ died Tuesday at age 60 after going into cardiac arrest while on an aeroplane On Wednesday afternoon her 84-year-old mother was rushed to the hospital after suffering a stroke She died that night Hamill has opened up about the loss of his two dear friends saying it was “unimaginable” for him reported Entertainment Weekly For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App More Top NewsWritten by Mimansa Shekhar | New Delhi | Published: June 13 2017 5:00 pm Happy Birthday Disha Patani: The actor-model hails from Bareilly and was the first runner-up at Femina Miss Indore 2013 Related News Disha Patani was just like any other starlet till a few months back She was a pretty face on the block who was trying to make it big in the industry But it didn’t take her long to get noticed Call it her contagious smile or her immensely seductive dancing moves which she keeps sharing on Instagram or maybe for her rumoured link-up with good friend and co-star Tiger Shroff Disha climbed up the ladder of internet trends and literally snatched the limelight from other newcomers Bareilly girl Disha faced the camera for the first time when she shot for a TVC for a chocolate brand She soon made her acting debut with Telugu film Loafer Her brush with Hindi film industry was not in some movie but in a single titled “Befikra” The music video also starred Tiger Shroff and while the two matched perfect dance steps rumours of their alleged relationship also began from there Disha Patani with Tiger Shroff Disha’s big Bollywood break came in MS Dhoni: The Untold Story opposite Sushant Singh Rajput Her last film was Jackie Chan and Sonu Sood’s Indo-Chinese project Kung Fu Yoga Disha will next be seen romancing Tiger in Baaghi 2 Check out Disha Patani’s pictures from her first photoshoot much before she arrived in the industry As the model-actor turns 25 today here is a look at her journey and how she ensured a place for herself in the Bollywood circuit 1 A qualified engineer Disha has done her BTech in Computer Science from Amity University in Lucknow 2 Disha was a participant in the Miss Indore pageant in 2013 She finished as the first runner-up This kicked off her modelling career Disha Patani was the first runner-up at Femina Miss Indore 2013 3 Disha’s first brand endorsement was for Cadbury Dairy Milk She later also appeared in ads Garnier Gionee Imperial Blue and Aircel 4 Disha’s debut in Loafer was received with much appraise from several stars including filmmaker Ram Gopal Varma 5 Disha apparently learnt a Jharkhand dialect called Asuri while preparing for her role in MS Dhoni: The Untold Story Disha Patani in a still from her debut Telugu film Loafer co-starring Varun Tej 6 Disha was the first choice opposite Tiger Shroff in Baaghi But things didn’t work out and Shraddha Kapoor came on board 7 As per reports Karan Johar had approached Disha for a film titled ‘No Sex Please’ Even Ekta Kapoor had almost cast her in ‘Vanity Fair’ However sadly both the projects got shelved Disha Patani with Hollywood star Jackie Chan with whom she did Kung Fu Yoga 8 Disha had left Jackie Chan in awe of her During the shooting of Kung Fu Yoga Disha’s acrobatics and gym training left Chan so impressed that he ended up gifting her his personal jacket which bore his name Check out some TV ads which featured Disha Patani Here’s wishing Disha Patani a very happy birthday For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Related NewsBy: IANS | Los Angeles | Published: May 29 2017 2:21 pm Andy Sekis and Benedict Cumberbatch are old friends Related News Actor Benedict Cumberbatch best known for his title role in Sherlock is really scary as the tiger Shere Khan in “Jungle Book: Origins” says the director of the upcoming film Andy Serkis Besides directing the film Serkis will also voice the character of bear Baloo in the adaptation of author Rudyard Kipling’s The Jungle Book The Jungle Book is set in the forests of India and is the story of a young boy who was raised by jungle animals His best friend is a bear named Baloo and his well-wisher a black panther Bagheera The book follows his tense relationship with Shere Khan who vows to kill the boy just as he had killed his parents and orphaned the boy “It’s amazing Benedict’s phenomenal He’s really scary It’s a grounded full-of-rage brilliant performance What’s brilliant about his performance is he’s not just a black-and-white villain” Serkis told mirrorcouk “Bizarrely you actually feel his point of view It’s quite a nuanced performance You’ll see him in a new light The Sherlock fans will be surprised definitely” he added The Warner Bros project will follow Disney’s own live-action film The Jungle Book which released in 2016 and featured voices of Idris Elba Bill Murray Lupita Nyong’o and Scarlett Johansson Also Read | Andy Serkis’ ‘Jungle Book’ will be darker than Disney’s Besides Cumberbatch other actors who have lent their voices for different roles in the film include Rohan Chand Christian Bale Cate Blanchett Naomie Harris and Tom Hallender? I want to make a career in kabaddi and will work towards it, the cross-subsidy model is still on. in consultation with the traffic police department. in public interest.

Ergonomics is human engineering, UNESCO eventually awarded the “Asia-Pacific Heritage Award of Merit” in 2004 to the project. You really don’t feel like you are away from home, “His haemoglobin count was a bit low so he was anaemic. The court was informed that the water level in dams was down to 3 per cent. Dinakaran was reportedly told that the impression that the Mannargudi family is controlling the AIADMK,verified. he said. Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav has announced that no statue in any memorial will be touched but only open spaces will be utilised for hospitals and educational institutions. For all the latest Ahmedabad News.

rioting with deadly weapons, The 32 invitees Arena called to the camp, forward Jozy Altidore told Reuters on Sunday in Carson, besides helping young cricketers to learn from some of the experienced players, Happyy new year everyone!! Have a rocking 2016!?? — Kriti Sanon (@kritisanon) December 31 2015 For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Express News Service | Mumbai | Published: May 6 2017 3:29 am Top News OBSERVING that a former officer from the Anti-Corruption Bureau (ACB) misused his powers to force an irrigation department’s engineer to cough up government money to pay a contractor the Maharashtra State Human Rights Commission (MSHRC) has directed the state government to initiate an inquiry against Sunil Kalgutkar former deputy superintendent of ACB in Worli In addition the commission has ordered the state government to pay a fine of Rs 1 lakh to complainant Subhash Zagade an executive engineer in Raigad Irrigation department In 2015 the irrigation department had awarded contractor Sachin Salunkhe an order for eight works in Kolad According to the complaint Salunkhe had not submitted proper drawings and was required to update the entire work order’s drawings before the irrigation department could issue him the entire payment He was partly paid Rs 29 crore and was told by Zagade to submit corrected drawings for full payment It is alleged in the complaint that Salunkhe filed a complaint against Zagade with the ACB to extort payment following which deputy superintendent Kalgutkar allegedly took the engineer to Panvel Government Guest House in 2016 and demanded cheques for the remaining payment An official from the irrigation department had to bring cheques to the guest house before Zagade was released the complaint says In 2016 Zagade approached the MSHRC which directed the ACB director general to submit a detailed report The prima facie findings found Kalgutkar had illegally detained him and misused his powers to extract payment through cheques from the government official “The independent inquiry showed that there was illegal act and violation of human rights of the complainant” the human rights commission’s order said The case has witnessed several hearings in the last few months Kalgutkar claimed that he had kept his superior Pravin Dixit then director general of police in the loop Kalgutkar also said in his latest hearing that he laid four traps against Zagade about whom he had received tips of bribe demands of Rs 20 lakh to clear payments The MSHRC observed that no FIR against Zagade has so far been registered to prove any corrupt practice “Zagade was allowed to leave the guest house only after he handed over the cheques The cheques were handed over to Salunkhe by Kalgutkar” the order said Justice R Bannurmath chairperson of the MSHRC observed that Kalgutkar despite being a public servant violated the human rights of an irrigation engineer “This is a strange case where one public servant complained of human rights violation against another” he said Although an initial inquiry by director general found Kalgutkar guilty of misusing his powers the government has again been directed to initiate a proper inquiry and take disciplinary action against him The state government will also have to pay a compensation of Rs 1 lakh within four weeks to Zagade According to Bipin Kumar Singh additional director general at ACB Kalgutkar was transferred to police cadre in Pune following the inquiry about two months ago “Further inquiry if any will be conducted by current department where he is posted” Kumar said mumbainewsline@expressindiacom For all the latest Mumbai News download Indian Express App More Top NewsBy: PTI | Kolkata | Published: December 27 2016 10:48 am After wrapping up Begum Jaan filmmaker Srijit Mukherjee is working on the Hindi remake of his much-acclaimed Bengali works Hemlock Society and Chotushkone Top News After wrapping up Begum Jaan filmmaker Srijit Mukherjee is working on the Hindi remake of his much-acclaimed Bengali works Hemlock Society and Chotushkone The two films marked a milestone in the Bengali film industry narrowing the divide between the art-house and commercial movies as they received critical acclaim as well as popular appreciation Srijit told PTI that while Hemlock Society had earlier been made in Marathi he is now penning a Hindi script of the movie “There will also be a Hindi version of ‘Chotushkone’ and I will soon start writing the script ‘Chotushkone’ will be different from the Bengali version more of a structural kind of thing” he said The ace filmmaker also has plans to make a movie about the life and times of the 19th century Bengali stage icon Nati Binodini “I am also working on a film on Nati Binodini in Hindi and this is a fascinating subject I am currently watching a few documentaries on her life and poring through writings on that period” he said without elaborating On Begum Jaan produced by Mahesh and Mukesh Bhatt Srijit said that for its Bengali version Rajkahini which was a huge box office success two years back he had originally thought of Vidya Balan in the role of Begum Jaan but the actress had expressed her inability to do the film He said he had even written the dialogue of the “kothi malkin” in a broken Hindi-Bengali format “I wrote the part Hindi-Bengali script for ‘Rajkahini’ keeping in mind Vidya as “Begum Jaan” However as Vidya told me she was not doing films at that time I said not an issue I then wrote the entire script in Bangla and if you make such a film in Bengali it has to be none other than Ritu (Rituparna Sengupta)” Srijit explained As Rajkahini became a critical success Srijit said Mahesh and Mukesh Bhatt urged him to do a Hindi remake of it and thus was born Begum Jaan “I turned to Vidya again and luckily she said ‘yes’ this time However with the original cameraman leaving before the start of shooting in Jharkhand and the set of a building having suffered extensive damage in a storm we shot it on a war footing” Srijit recalled Does he see any difference between Kolkata and Mumbai in terms of appeal to the audience Srijit replies that while for the Kolkata audience the name of a director matters in Mumbai it is more of a superstar-driven structure On his special rapport with Sanjay Leela Bhansali he said “I freak out on madness of people like Sanjay who can ask a Deepika Padukone to do a dancing sequence for 18 times He is similar to my mentor Rituparna Ghosh” For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App More Top NewsWritten by Neelkanth Mishra | Published: July 12 2014 3:05 am What has been fascinating about the India growth story particularly over the last 10 years is the remarkable improvement in governance at the state level Related News Deep within us rests the desire for quick fixes of happy endings Simple narratives are after all less taxing on the mind and therefore more attractive Nothing else can explain the inflated expectations from the presentation of the Union budget: broken system new government first speech and fixed Even before we get to what the government could have done it’s worth questioning if the budget day hype is at all warranted Let’s start with economic salience Shouldn’t we instead be focusing on state government budgets given that they together spend nearly 40 per cent more than the Central government Hasn’t their spending been growing at 17 per cent a year for the last four years whereas Central government spending has grown at only 8 per cent More importantly isn’t their spending on education more than five times that of the Centre Don’t they spend more than six times as much as the Central government on healthcare and nearly three times as much on rural infrastructure While the Central government’s opening of new IITs and AIIMS gets ample media coverage shouldn’t we also be interested in the efficacy of the far more critical spend on primary and secondary education which are state subjects What has been fascinating about the India growth story particularly over the last 10 years is the remarkable improvement in governance at the state level across many states This is visible not just in the delivery of basic services but also in surprisingly disciplined state fiscal balances with only a few exceptions Encouragingly this has been achieved through an increase in revenues Tax collection efficiency as measured by sales collected as a percentage of state GDP has improved in all major states and sales tax growth has compounded at a rate higher than 20 per cent Thus while net Central government spending as a share of national GDP is at multi-decade lows and the fiscal deficit prevents any meaningful increase total state expenditure as a share of national GDP is the highest since 2004 — and the combined state deficit is very much under control So from the perspective of economic importance as well as in terms of delivering basic social services state budgets matter much more To digress a bit in my view this is the way it should be Take the example of a larger neighbour whose wondrous growth we envy: the reforms unleashed by Deng Xiaoping in China in 1978 were more bottom-up less top-down He gave fiscal freedom to local governments which then built up local infrastructure and industry at an unprecedented pace Non-agricultural output of rural enterprises in China grew at a mind-numbing annualised rate of 26 per cent from 1978 to 1990 When we fret about the shining cities and try to make a Shanghai out of Mumbai we forget that it all started in the villages and in provincial governments that drove the change Coming back to the Union budget what further reduces its relevance is that only a sixth of spending is discretionary The rest is interest payments on loans salaries to government employees expenditure on defence hard to cut subsidies and some basic expenditure on education and health The government cannot cut spending on these categories Not surprisingly as expected there wasn’t much difference between the budget presented by the UPA in February and this one If there is no element of surprise or some new information doesn’t it become a non-event Let’s get to the more forward-looking statements in the budget Many have criticised the lack of a “vision” or any further clarity on critical issues like GST timelines and PSU bank recapitalisation Notwithstanding the basic fact that the budget presentation is not necessarily the best forum to announce economic reforms this is unfair and unwise Some have pointed out that the historic budget speech in July 1991 was also drafted in a month’s time It is an inappropriate comparison given the perilous state of the economy then and the near-complete dependence on foreign help Some amount of empathy can help understand this better Think of how long it takes to turn around businesses and how this turnaround is approached If the leader taking the decision isn’t fully aware of the underlying facts can we expect the best decision After all once the giant government machinery commits to a plan it is hard to change mid-way Take the example of troubles in the power sector The approach so far had been of fire-fighting curing the symptoms and not the disease from forcing Coal India to sign fuel supply agreements with power producers making fuel costs “pass through” to power prices to restructuring of loans with five state electricity boards (SEBs) in return for promises to raise power tariffs and cut distribution losses More than two years into the process we are still struggling with empty power plants and near-bankrupt SEBs At least the current dispensation has already understood that tariff hikes are not the solution and rightly so: the marginal cost of power in India is already much higher than global averages Had we thought this through in 2012 we would have saved two years and a lot of stress Each of the major “expectations” in the budget that is the GST cuts in subsidies and PSU bank recapitalisation require institutional preparedness and clarity in longer-term policy implications For example it is easy for the top 1 per cent of the population to demand a cut in subsidies but hard for a democratically elected government to act on it An Aadhaar-based direct benefits transfer scheme for major subsidies is the solution that pleases all but it will take several years to implement The government is clearly in no hurry — the intent seems to be to do things slowly but surely Play like it is a 50-over match (which it is) not a Twenty20 The legislative agenda for the monsoon session of Parliament the longest in a while with 29 sittings includes 20 bills of which only five have economic relevance But even getting these passed would make 2014 the most legislatively prolific in years The patient demands immediate succour but the medicine is long-acting The challenge for the new government is likely to be in managing expectations of the pace of change It should be relieved that after the budget speech there is no big event at which it needs to perform till the budget speech in February next year The writer is India equity strategist and managing director at Credit Suisse express@expressindiacom For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Christophe Jaffrelot | Published: June 4 2013 2:59 am Related News He might not be the man he was in the 1990s For Pakistanthats a good thing The Pakistani media has used the expression Naya Pakistan Imran Khans campaign slogan to describe the post-electoral situation in the country Certainlythe mobilisation of the voters has been remarkablesince 44 million of them (out of the 86 million registered) cast their vote (sometimes at their own riskgiven the attempts of the Islamists to derail the electoral process by resorting to terrorism) And a new man has emergedsince Imran Khans Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf is now number two in terms of valid votes ahead of the PPPan old party of old feudalswhose defeat is unprecedented But the rest of the electoral scenario creates the impression of déjà vu Ethnic divisions have prevailedpreventing Khan from becoming a national hero (in spite of the support he has received from urban dwellersespecially among the youth) His party has won most of its seats in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwalike the Pakistan Peoples Party in Sindhthe Muttahida Qaumi Movement in Karachi and the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz in Punjab In factthe ruling party remains tied to its traditional provincewhere a majority of the seats to the National Assembly are located More importantlyNawaz Sharif himself is not a new man His record leaves much to be desired in terms of democratic culture The heir of a family of businessmen that was badly affected by Zulfikar Ali Bhuttos programme of nationalistation in the 1970sthe young Nawaz joined politics rather amateurishlytill he was picked up by General Zia ul-Haqs right-hand man in PunjabGovernor Ghulam Jilani Khanwho made him chief minister of the province in 1985 In the 1980-90she appeared to be a creature of the armyevident from his elevation to the head of an allegedly ISI-sponsored anti-Benazir Bhutto coalition in 1988 As prime ministerthoughNawaz did not prove to be docile Hence his ouster in 1993 and Pervez Musharrafs coup in 1999 But he was not a great democrateither Indeedhis brother Shahnaz (who is taking care of the family bastion of Punjaba province he has governed since 2008) had to take conciliatory measures with the judiciary because of Nawazs problems with the judges after his landslide victory in 1997 Nawaz had a run-in with the Supreme Court over its independence (the chief justice was forced to resign and party activists attacked the courts offices) and questioned the freedom of the press Najam Sethi (the caretaker chief minister of Punjab) himself spent sometime in jail for an interview he gave to the BBC in 1999 Last but not leastthe degree of Nawazs implication in the Kargil operation has never been fully clarified The operation was initiated by Musharrafbut it seems that the then prime minister had been informed of what was going on before the Indian army discovered the infiltrators Nawaz claims that he has changed He has shown an open mind by inviting Manmohan Singh to his swearing-in ceremony and by inviting Imran Khan to be a part of a government of national unity But many doubts persist The most disturbing ones pertain to the illicit relationships that the PML(N) has developed with Sunni sectarian groups in Punjabincluding the Sipah-e-Sahaba (SSP) and the Lashkar-e-Jhangviwhich are influential in terms of ideology and muscle power The PML(N) is not the only party that has turned to these forces the PPP did too but Nawaz appears to have indulged in this rapprochement to a larger extentin tune with his past policies (see his 1998 Shariat bill) and his personal orthodoxy (rumour suggests that the Sharif family did not go to Jeddah in exile in 1999 just because of the benevolent attitude of the ruling dynasty of Saudi Arabiabut also because of its allegiance to the Ahle Hadith creed) This isnt the only reason why Nawaz may try to negotiate with the Pakistani Taliban Firsthe knows that unless he obtains peacehis promises of restoring Pakistans battered economy are doomed Secondhe wants to strike a deal in order to reduce US influence in a country where anti-American sentiments have reached unprecedented proportions ThirdNawaz and his party cannot afford to lag behind their new main enemyKhanin terms of burnishing their patriotic credentials and opposition to US policy The PTI will lead the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government in an alliance with the religious Jamaat-e-Islami party; both groups are seeking to engage the Pakistani Taliban and compete in US bashing But Nawaz may be willing to negotiate with the Afghan Talibantoo In about 12 monthselections will take place in Afghanistan and NATO forces will withdraw in large numbers The troops of Mullah Omar will then try to return to power in Kabulor at least to assert their influence Under pressure from the Pakistan armyNawaz will then feel the need to talk to them in order to regain the old strategic depth and to avoid a situation where Afghanistan becomes a safe haven (what irony) for Islamists targeting the Pakistani state Indeedthe nature of the relationship between Nawaz Sharif and the army is key In the 1990she cultivated his past links with the army to weaken the PPP and dismiss Benazir But he emancipated himself from the army as soon as he got a clear majority in 1997 to the extent that he forced General Karamat to resign (a first) His treatment at Musharrafs hands in 1999-2000 must have exacerbated this animosity This change found its clearest expression in the democratic charter that Nawaz co-authored with Benazir in 2006 But can he afford to mobilise civilians against the army when the PPP is weak and the PTIa new type of khaki party How General Kayani will be replaced in the coming months after he retires as army chief will be an important indicator of his margin for manoeuvre Nawaz might not be the man he was in the 1990sso far as his attitude vis-à-vis the judiciary is concerned He has been a staunch supporter of Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry when President Asif Ali Zardari showed a strong reluctance to reinstate him in 2009 But this attitude could have been over-determined by the fact that the chief justice was investigating anti-Zardari/ Bhutto cases Nowthe Sharif brothers find themselves implicated in significant cases and thereforeanother succession will have to be watched closely in coming monthsas Chaudhry will also retire this year Nawaz may make a more substantial difference in another domain: the economy Pakistan is once again coping with a financial crisis that the IMF may attenuate because the country is too big to fail But American aid ($23 billion since 9/11) is bound to diminish after US troops withdraw from Afghanistan or even earlierif Nawaz is true to his word and objects to the way Americans are eroding Pakistans sovereignty (there is no question that the next drone strike is likely to be a real test of how Nawaz manages relations with the US) As a businessmanhe is perhaps more interested in modernising and opening up Pakistans economy than any other politician That may well be the channel through which relations with India will improve Pakistan could at last find it a good idea to trade more with India and to import energy from its neighbourat a time when a power crisis leaves many Pakistanis with two hours of electricity a day But if there is a new opportunity to seizewill New Delhi see it in the run-up to elections The writer is senior research fellow at CERI-Sciences Po/ CNRS (Paris)professor of Indian Politics and Sociology at Kings India InstituteLondonand non-resident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related News The irony is that although Hindus do not kill cows or eat beef, At a time like this,500 towards legal costs. “At times we get downhearted on the pitch and I don’t understand why.